Cancer is a disease that profoundly affects the person with the disease and all those around them. Did you know that it can touch the largest organ of the human body, the one that envelops and protects us? Learn how to prevent and detect skin cancer.
Your skin undergoes daily attacks of all kinds. Without even realizing it, it protects you from these attacks every day. And if we protected it a little, to avoid the appearance of a suspicious lesion and the stress that it can cause?
Compared to other types of cancer, we do not hear much about skin cancer. Yet, almost 90,000 Canadians will be diagnosed with skin cancer annually. And unfortunately, the number of cases is constantly increasing year after year.
SKIN CANCERS ARE DIVIDED INTO TWO TYPES:
Non-melanomas: These are the most commonly diagnosed, but they cause very few deaths.
Melanomas: They are rarer, but dangerous. However, they have one of the best cure rates among all types of cancer if they are detected quickly (90%).
Skin cancer can occur in a variety of ways: a lump, a plaque or a wound, for example. See a doctor for any form of injury that does not completely cure in four weeks. Skin cancer often occurs in sun-exposed areas such as the face, neck, back, or legs. Be aware that it can appear anywhere on the body. So be on the lookout!
RISK FACTORS FOR SKIN CANCER
- One of the main causes of skin cancer is well known: exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun and / or tanning beds.
- Some people are at higher risk of developing skin cancer, including those with:
- light skin, freckles, red or blond hair, blue, gray or green eyes;
- a personal or family history of skin cancer;
- the presence of moles in large numbers or irregular shapes;
- a history of sunburn.
HOW TO PREVENT SKIN CANCER?
- There are simple ways and within your reach to minimize the risk of skin cancer:
- Protect yourself from the sun; stay in the shade and wear a big hat.
- Apply a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30.
- Apply your sunscreen 20 to 30 minutes before sun exposure.
- Repeat the application of your sunscreen every two hours and after swimming.
- Avoid tanning salons. Tanning beds are just as dangerous as the sun and should never be used.
Test your skin once a month.
Thorough examination of your skin once a month is an excellent preventive habit to incorporate into your routine. You can do it yourself with a mirror or ask a member of your family to do it with us. The latter will be better able to see some hard-to-reach areas, such as the back or shoulders. You must know how to observe and note the novelties or changes in your skin and moles.
HERE IS ALSO THE LITTLE TRICK “ABCDE” TO REMEMBER WHAT TO WATCH FOR YOUR MOLES:
- A symmetry: difference between the two sides of the mole;
- B junk: irregular outline and blur of the mole;
- C olour: color variations;
- D iameter: enlargement of the mole over time;
- E volution: changing the appearance.
The classic sunburn suddenly seems less commonplace when you realize that it may be the cause, many years later, of skin cancer. So beware of the sun! It is also important to continue to emphasize the importance of prevention for both young and old. Finally, stay on the lookout and get to know your skin. A rapidly detected skin cancer has an excellent chance of healing. Your skin is your ally forever; she deserves all your attention!